Air Pollution Control Device For Re Rolling Mill - Indiaprice: contact company for price
Recycling of Steel)
About Steel Re-rolling Mill
Steel Re-rolling is a major steel section and bar producing technology used in India and abroad. Since its inception in India with setting up of first re-rolling mill in Kanpur in 1928, this technology has contributed significant steel making capacity in secondary steel sector in India.
It has some distinct Advantages :
Low Project Capital Cost
Low Fuel Efficiency
Provides choice to end user with variety of product at lower cost.
Can be set up near source which saves transportation cost of raw material.
Steel re-rolling process starts with cutting of billets in desired lengths. These are then loaded at pusher platforms from where they are pushed into the furnace. The Furnace may be coal fired, oil fired or even gas fired. In the furnace, billets are heated o upto 1200oC and they become red hot for further rolling process which now consists of stage wise rolling of steel. They are transported to rolling stands and rolled into desired shapes. The rolled structure is then cooled and taken to the yard. Flue gases are generated during heating of billets in the furnace. The characteristics and volume of these gases mainly depends upon type of fuel used in the furnace. These flue gases need proper treatment for removal of dust particles/gases before being discharged into the atmosphere.
Depending upon the fuel used in heating the furnace of a Steel Re-rolling Mill, the characteristics of flue gases may vary. For coal fired furnaces they may consist of gaseous as well as particulate pollutants. For oil or gas fired furnaces, these flue gases may consist of just gaseous pollutants. The flue gases may also be corrosive in nature.
Capacity Calculation of required Equipment for Air Pollution Control Device
The volumetric capacity of Air Pollution cannot be judged as such but fair engineering estimation can be made with input data like :
Characteristics of Air Pollution Generated in Rolling Mill
Pollutant : Dust & Gases such as NOx , SO2, CO, CO2
Concentration : SPM - 1200-1500 mg/Nm3 (Maximum, in coal fired)
: SO - 800-1000 mg/Nm3
: NO - 20-50 mg/Nm3
Temperature : At Suction Point:250-300oC
Nature of Dust : Slightly Sticky, Non Abrasive and Non Explosive
The Control Practice adopted in controlling air pollution in this industry mainly depends upon following parameters :
Dust/Gas Concentration at Inlet
Temperature of Flue Gases
Nature of Pollutant i.e. Dust or Gaseous
Nature of Dust i.e. Sticky, Abrasive
Nature of Gases i.e. Corrosive, Non Corrosive
Selection of Technology for Air Pollution Control Device
Selection of Technology for Equipment in an Air Pollution Control System in case of a Steel Re-rolling Mill depends upon the fuel to be used:
a. Scrubber based System for Oil / Gas Fired Furnaces
b. Cyclone and Scrubber based System for Coal Fired Furnaces
About Scrubber based System for Oil / Gas Fired Furnaces
Working of Equipment
Ducts & Bends : Ducts and Bends are required to convey flue gases from point of suction to the chimney and connect various equipments like Scrubber, ID Fan and Chimney. Their sizes are based on flue gases volume & temperature. A Damper is usually provided at the suction point.
Scrubber : A Wet Scrubber is provided for treatment of gases in an Oil / Gas fired Re-rolling Furnace. In a Wet Scrubber the flue gases are introduced from side entrance at near the bottom of the shell. Then water is pumped from the storage tank below the scrubber and is sprayed from the top through a sprinkler arrangement. Flue Gases move through the contact plate where the wetted dust particles settle. As the flue gases move up the scrubber, pollutants such as CO2, SO2 & NOx get absorbed in water. Cleaned Flue Gases then move up and after passing through a mist eliminator where moisture in gases is removed, exit the scrubber.
The dust as well as the gaseous pollutants are carried to the bottom tank with water. Here a dose of caustic / lime is provided to maintain the pH of the water. A three portioned tank also allows for settling of suspended solids in water which are then periodically cleaned and stored in HDPE bags in accordance with Hazardous Waste Management Rules. (Larger units may need separate Effluent Treatment Plants to properly treat water for re-circulation)
ID Fan : ID Fan provides necessary driving force to convey flue gases from suction point to top of the chimney. The volume sucked overcomes the total resistance offered by equipment and duct with the help of fluid horse power provided by ID Fan driven by suitable motor.
Stack (Chimney) : The generated gases are passed through chimney of suitable height and diameter. The chimneys are provided and based on volume of flue gases temperature, dispersion desired, composition of gases and legal provisions for height.
About Cyclone and Scrubber based System for Coal Fired Furnace
Ducts & Bends : Ducts and Bends are required to convey flue gases from point of suction to the chimney and connect various equipments like Cyclone, Scrubber, ID Fan and Chimney. Their sizes are based on flue gases volume & temperature. A Damper is usually provided at the suction point.
Cyclone : A high efficiency Cyclone separator is provided to capture dust particles. Flue gases after cooling in a Heat Recovery Unit are introduced in a tangential entry in the multiple tubes of the involute cyclone. Due to centrifugal forces dust particles settle at the bottom cones while flue gases exit the cyclone through the centre tube. Collected dust particles are periodically removed.
Discharge Characteristics as per Norms
Dust : Less than 150 mg/ Nm3
Temp : Less than 80-100oC
Gases : Traces of SO2 , NOx , CO2 , CO
- Posted By: Eros Envirotech Pvt. Ltd.
- Phone: 911612542109
- Address: 109-110, Savitri Complex-1, Dada Motors Building, G.T.Road, India
- Website: http://www.erosenvirotech.com
Published date: June 6, 2013 -
- Business Description: Eros Envirotech Pvt. Ltd. is one of the leading Manufacturer and
Exporters of Lead Acid Battery Recycling Unit, Air and Water Pollution
Control System, Pots for Refining and Alloying, Ball mills for Lead
Oxide accepted all over worldwide. The company from last 2 decade is ISO
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