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Basic Oxygen Furnace Bof - China

price: contact company for price

The basic oxygen furnace ( BOF) , whose profile is shown in the figure,

is a tiltable vessel lined with refractories such as magnesia carbon

brick. Auxiliary equipment includes a chute for scrap charging, hoppers

for alloys and fluxes, a lance for injecting pure oxygen gas, a

sublance for measuring the temperature and carbon concentration of the

molten steel, lifting devices for the lance and sublance, equipment for

tilting the vessel, and equipment for recovering and cleaning the

exhaust gas. The BOF capacity is expressed as the weight of crude steel

that can be decarburized per heat. Most BOFs in China have a capacity

of 150- 300 tons.

The main function of the BOF is to decarburize the hot metal using pure oxygen gas. In the top- blown BOF, pure oxygen is injected as a high- velocity jet against the surface of the hot metal, allowing penetration of the impinging jet to some depth into the metal bath. Under these conditions, the oxygen reacts directly with carbon in the hot metal to produce carbon monoxide. The pure oxygen top- blown BOF can decarburize 200 tons of hot metal from 4.3% C to 0.04% C in about 20 minutes. As a result of this high productivity, the BOF replaced the open hearth furnace, which was a much slower process.

The injected pure oxygen gas first oxidizes silicon and then carbon in hot metal. When the carbon concentration of the hot metal is decreased to about 1% , the oxidation of iron begins in parallel with that of carbon. The oxidation of iron becomes marked at carbon concentrations of less than 0.1% , decreasing both the oxygen efficiency for decarburization and the decarburization rate, while increasing iron loss into the slag. The problem with the top- blown BOF is thus the oxidation of iron when a low carbon concentration is reached, and the resulting decrease in the decarburization rate. When the iron oxide content of the slag increases excessively, it can react too quickly with carbon in the molten steel and cause sudden gas evolution, forming a mix of slag and molten steel that sometimes erupts from the vessel in a phenomenon called ' slopping' or ' spitting' .

The use of an oxygen lance with multiple holes at the tip has proven very effective in delocalizing the oxygen supply and increasing the decarburization rate while restraining excessive oxidation of the molten steel and preventing slopping and spitting. However, the effectiveness of this lance was still inadequate, and the bottom- blown oxygen process was developed, in which pure oxygen gas is injected into the molten steel from the bottom of the BOF. The bottom blowing enhances the stirring of the hot metal and thereby shortens the average mixing time in the molten steel bath, and promotes transport of solute carbon in the bath, preventing the over- oxidation of slag, which is the cause of slopping and spitting. Consequently, the bottom blowing enhances decarburization efficiency, especially at low carbon concentrations. The bottom- blowing is performed with bottom tuyeres of concentric double- wall pipe. The inner pipe is used to blow pure oxygen gas along with pulverized limestone as a slag- forming agent, while propane gas is blown through the outer pipe as a coolant to prevent tuyere burn back, since propane undergoes an endothermic reaction during decomposition, which results in cooling and reduced burning of the tuyeres. These improvements have made the production of low- carbon steels much easier.

The top- and- bottom blown BOF, which combines the advantages of both types of BOF, has recently become prominent in oxygen steel making The combined blowing BOFs mostly use bottom- blown inert gases in place of oxygen gas for stirring. Various methods of bottom- blowing have been adopted. As one example, a ceramic plug with embedded multiple small pipes or multiple slits is used in the bottom tuyeres. Irrespective of the type of the BOF, the exhaust gas, which is high in CO content, is either combusted in the throat of the BOF and passes through a waste- heat boiler installed in the upper part of the throat to recover the sensible heat and the heat of combustion, or is recovered un combusted through exhaust- gas recovery equipment and stored in a gas tank for later use as fuel. ,


Company Contact:


  • Phone: 862989388771

  • Address: Tang yan road, Xi'an, China

  • Email: Email


Published date: November 7, 2014 -

  • Business Description: Xi an Abundance Electric Technology Co., Ltd is located in Xi an, which is the research base of electric furnace industry and the national supervision and inspection center of electric furnaces in China. With the development of 15 years, it has become a leading manufacturer in China s electric furnace industry, and it is advanced in R&D, manufacture, installation, debugging and technical services. There are our agents and after sale services in South Africa, Egypt, the Middle East, Mexico and Ukraine. Hundreds of sets of our electric furnaces are working safely now all over the world. That s why 90% of our products are exported to more than 50 regions and countries worldwide, and our achievements in furnace exportation ranked in the forefront for three consecutive years among furnace industry.

    Xi an Abundance Electric Technology Co., Ltd has a strong power in R&D, and more than 200 staffs are working here, among them, 3 senior engineers are specialized in researching and developing the metallurgical equipment, 3 national senior metallurgy experts, 12 engineers and assistant engineers, 8 senior skilled technicians on the production line and more than 30 production technology backbones and senior management. This high quality team makes us to be a professional manufacturer in the field of metallurgical machinery equipment, from design, manufacture to marketing. We have hundreds of successful cases in designing and producing the whole set of equipment, such as Electric Arc Furnace (EAF),AE Series Off Gas Preheating Continuous Feeding Equipment, Ladle Refining Furnace (LF), Submerged Arc Furnace, AOD Argon Oxygen Decarburizing Furnace, Basic Oxygen Furnace (BOF), Based on the market demand, Dedusting Equipment of electric furnace, Static Var compensator(SVC).
    We always insist on our principle of optimizing our product features, saving our customer s cost and assuring the high quality of the product. Consequently, we have won the customers favor and ratification on our products and after sale service.

    Xi an Abundance Electric Technology Co., Ltd has passed ISO9000 authentication of international quality management system and European CE certification. We have got 6 national patent certifications in the professional field. With our strong economy, scientific and technological strength, strict attitude, advanced way of designing, integrity of business ideas and perfect after sale services, we sincerely serve the world's metallurgy, forging, casting, military, automotive, agricultural machinery, motorcycle, aerospace, marine, hardware tools, general machinery, heat treatment and other industries.

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